Slipped disc herniation is an injury to the discs in between the bones in our spine. These discs act as a shock absorber to daily activities and sudden massive forces applied to the spine. When someone has a ruptured disc, he/she may experience slight discomfort, numbness, to severe pain in any part of the spine from neck to bottom. Surgery is required to either remove or repair a slipped disc.
Causes of a Slipped Disc
In a ruptured disk, the inner portion of the disk is torn. Disks actually cannot slip out since they are attached to our spine. What causes a slipped disc could be the following reasons:
Constant wear and tear to our spine is natural. However, this could be prevented by knowing how our body works and exercising regularly. Movements that strengthen our core like planks can help our spine to do and lift more.
Whether you are a casual gym-goer, professional lifter, or someone with a job that requires a lot of lifting, you can acquire a slipped disc. The best way to avoid this is to know how to lift properly.
This can be done by lifting with our legs by squatting, holding the item, and carrying it with power from our legs (which is more equipped for more power movements). Opposed to carrying by our hips by not squatting, this is more easy on our spine.
If you are overweight, or even obese, your spine is challenged to keep your posture correct despite the top-heavy weight in your body. Aside from the spine, any lower body joints in an overweight person’s body will face risks.
The worst way to get a slipped disc is because of an accident. Common accidents are falling down the stairs, doing extreme sports, or being hit by a car.
Effects of a Slipped Disc
Our spine is one of the most important parts of our body because it keeps our body upright and our brain functioning. A slipped disc could cause permanent nerve damage. This means you will lose a body function that nerve is associated with like bowel and bladder control.
There are also cases where there is only numbing, and slight discomfort felt to a person with a slipped disc. This could worsen if not treated immediately.
How is a Slipped Disc Treated?
The first step in slipped disc treatment is looking if you even have one. This could be done by X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. This is usually followed by nerve tests to see if there is numbing in the body.
Over-the-counter treatment is the most common way of treating the slipped disc. Basically, you are numbing the pain instead of doing a surgery. This is applicable for those only experiencing slight pain. Narcotics like Percocet or OxyContin are also used to sedate the pain.
There is only a small percentage of people who requires complete surgery. The disc may be removed and replaced by a metal attachment.